[Read] ➳ Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World ➻ David Epstein – Loufanet.info

Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World As a believer in Charlotte Mason s generous feast, I knew the minute I heard about this book that I had to read it It did start slow but this book snowballed itself through my mind gathering momentum during a long, lonely car trip After finishing the audio I immediately bought the Kindle version because I plan to use much of this information in a talk I have already done a few times This book illustrates so well how important a wide and generous feast is Beating out Atomic Habits, another gr As a believer in Charlotte Mason s generous feast, I knew the minute I heard about this book that I had to read it It did start slow but this book snowballed itself through my mind gathering momentum during a long, lonely car trip After finishing the audio I immediately bought the Kindle version because I plan to use much of this information in a talk I have already done a few times This book illustrates so well how important a wide and generous feast is Beating out Atomic Habits, another great book, this is my favorite book so far this year Do I think it s a five star book It s very hard for me to say, as I wrote the thing By the time I m done working on a book, I have such a strong insider view of the project that it s difficult to be objective I will say this I worked extremely hard on it, and as a writer, researcher, and reader, I found it to be muchinteresting than my first book Most readers enjoyed that first book at least according to Goodreads ratings so I hope most readers will as I have enjoy this one even m Do I think it s a five star book It s very hard for me to say, as I wrote the thing By the time I m done working on a book, I have such a strong insider view of the project that it s difficult to be objective I will say this I worked extremely hard on it, and as a writer, researcher, and reader, I found it to be muchinteresting than my first book Most readers enjoyed that first book at least according to Goodreads ratings so I hope most readers will as I have enjoy this one even What S The Most Effective Path To Success In Any Domain It S Not What You ThinkPlenty Of Experts Argue That Anyone Who Wants To Develop A Skill, Play An Instrument, Or Lead Their Field Should Start Early, Focus Intensely, And Rack Up As Many Hours Of Deliberate Practice As Possible If You Dabble Or Delay, You Ll Never Catch Up To The People Who Got A Head Start But If You Take A Closer Look At The World S Top Performers, From Professional Athletes To Nobel Laureates, You Ll Find That Early Specialization Is The Exception, Not The RuleDavid Epstein, Author Of The New York Times Bestseller The Sports Gene, Studied The World S Most Successful Athletes, Artists, Musicians, Inventors, Forecasters And Scientists He Discovered That In Most Fields Especially Those That Are Complex And Unpredictable Generalists, Not Specialists, Are Primed To Excel Generalists Often Find Their Path Late, And They Juggle Many Interests Rather Than Focusing On One They Re Also Creative, Agile, And Able To Make Connections Their Specialized Peers Can T Spy From Deep In Their Hyperfocused Trenches As Experts Silo Themselves Further While Computers Master Of The Skills Once Reserved For Highly Focused Humans, People Who Think Broadly And Embrace Diverse Experiences And Perspectives Will Increasingly ThriveOur Obsession With Getting A Head Start Is Understandable Early Specialization Feels Efficient But Epstein Marshals An Enormous Body Of Scientific Research To Argue That We Should All Actively Cultivate Inefficiency Failing A Test Is The Best Way To Learn Frequent Quitters End Up With The Most Fulfilling Careers The Most Impactful Inventors Cross Domains Rather Than Deepening Their Knowledge In A Single Area Provocative, Rigorous, And Engrossing, Range Explains How To Maintain The Benefits Of Breadth, Diverse Experience, Interdisciplinary Thinking, And Delayed Concentration In A World That Increasingly Incentivizes, Even Demands, Hyperspecialization Compare yourself to yourself yesterday, not to younger people who aren t you An incredibly slow read for me but I enjoyed it a lot and felt like I was on information overload after finishing each chapter Who knew that so many case studies and anecdotes could support having breadth vs depth of knowledge The author of course nods to the fact that it s important to have both kinds of people generalists and specialists , but his argument is against the prevalent thinking that we should pick an Compare yourself to yourself yesterday, not to younger people who aren t you An incredibly slow read for me but I enjoyed it a lot and felt like I was on information overload after finishing each chapter Who knew that so many case studies and anecdotes could support having breadth vs depth of knowledge The author of course nods to the fact that it s important to have both kinds of people generalists and specialists , but his argument is against the prevalent thinking that we should pick an area of focus from a young age and keep at it.Some of the sections that spoke most to me involved communication across teams and disciplines I honestly felt that I grew the most as a professional when working with and learning from colleagues who did very different things than me during their day to day these relationships were especially rewarding when we could collaborate toward fixing a common problem Epstein covers this a few different times, from a task as general as comparing your project against others within the company to get an understanding of how long it might take and whether it will be worth it in the end , to the tradition of Monday Notes at NASA notes submitted by engineers which were circulated so all divisions could see what problems others were facing.One of my favorite conclusions from Epstein was that teams need elements of both hierarchy and individualism to survive Often, too much process focused on pandering to upper management leads to lower quality feedback from lower ranking employees or in so many words, an erosion of trust He calls this concept an Allegiance to Hierarchy and showcases how detrimental it can be, particularly through the examples of the Challenger disaster and the 2008 global financial crisis.As someone who enjoys working across teams, learning new things, and sees contextual information critical to doing my job, I appreciated Epstein s argument that it s important to have people who look across teams projects to identify systemic issues This is something I truly feel companies don t value enough, and even though I ve advocated for it myself, it s not something I ve often been encouraged to do.This is one of the few books I would actually recommend that everyone read That being said, I can t quite give it 5 stars because it really is a challenge to push through some of the research I think the best approach is trying to read just one chapter per day so you have time to think about it Maybe it sof a 4.5 star read Seeof my reviews Blog Instagram In a lot of ways, this book is a vindication of everything I hold dear.Why Well, granted, it IS a vindication of a mindset that rebels against going down any single rabbit hole to the exclusion of everything else in this life, which is basically another way of saying that specialists are generally unable to see beyond their own field Being widely read, having wide experiences, and knowing a ton of different fields lends the person in question a much greater chance to make creative connections In a lot of ways, this book is a vindication of everything I hold dear.Why Well, granted, it IS a vindication of a mindset that rebels against going down any single rabbit hole to the exclusion of everything else in this life, which is basically another way of saying that specialists are generally unable to see beyond their own field Being widely read, having wide experiences, and knowing a ton of different fields lends the person in question a much greater chance to make creative connections that most others will miss.The benefit of being a generalist is not lost on me TheI learn across many fields, the easier I understand ANY field, even unrelated ones like cross stitching and covariant loop analysis Or the tensile strength of a willow tree to cognitive plasticity It s not about knowing any one thing It s about being able to see the forest for the trees About seeing and correctly intuiting the bigger picture It s about sussing out trends Tossing out bad ideas including a wide variety of tools in your toolbox and knowing which ones to throw away as the situation demands.It s about being adaptable Being able to be creative Using analogies It s about cutting to the heart of the issue because you re able to SEE a problem that might cross many different fields and affect them all.In a specialist world, generalists still tend to outperform, across their entire lifetime, any specialist Being able to cite everyone in your field does not predict how you would perform when encountering anything novel.So, who s in charge of hiring well read people with strong critical thinking skills and temperaments conducive to thinking outside the box Anyone Hello I m right here lol The story of the new U.S Open golf winner illustrates part of the thesis of this book A range of experience is sometimes better than over specialization In the book, Roger Federer is another example.https www.nytimes.com 2019 06 17 sp This passage describes a key finding that is central to the book.James Flynn, is a professor of political studies in New ZealandFlynn s great disappointment is the degree to which society, and particularly higher education, has resp The story of the new U.S Open golf winner illustrates part of the thesis of this book A range of experience is sometimes better than over specialization In the book, Roger Federer is another example.https www.nytimes.com 2019 06 17 sp This passage describes a key finding that is central to the book.James Flynn, is a professor of political studies in New ZealandFlynn s great disappointment is the degree to which society, and particularly higher education, has responded to the broadening of the mind by pushing specialization, rather than focusing early training on conceptual, transferable knowledge Flynn conducted a study in which he compared the grade point averages of seniors at one of America s top state universities, from neuroscience to English majors, to their performance on a test of critical thinking The test gauged students ability to apply fundamental abstract concepts from economics, social and physical sciences, and logic to common, real world scenarios Flynn was bemused to find that the correlation between the test of broad conceptual thinking and GPA was about zero In Flynn s words, the traits that earn good grades at the university do not include critical ability of any broad significance Even the best universities aren t developing critical intelligence, he said They aren t giving students the tools to analyze the modern world, except in their area of specialization Their education is too narrow As a patient, I see this in medicine My father practiced medicine for 40 years He used to say that medicine was as much an art as a science The art is gone No doctor I ve encountered knows how to take a good patient history Many times, as a result of my own research, I ve asked my doctors what about X Oh, good idea Shouldn t they have the ability and knowledge to bring these issues up themselves But this is true in many fields in late 2014, a team of German scientists published a study showing that members of their national team, which had just won the World Cup, were typically late specializers who didn t playorganized soccer than amateur league players until age twenty two or later They spentof their childhood and adolescence playing non organized soccer and other sports.It s not about the mythical 10,000 hours The reason that elite athletes seem to have superhuman reflexes is that they recognize patterns of ball or body movements that tell them what s coming before it happens As the greatest hockey player in history, Wayne Gretzky, said I skate to where the puck is going, not where it has been Same is true of Steph Curry, who views the basketball court as a rapidly moving chessboard He sees several moves ahead When we know the rules and answers, and they don t change over time chess, golf, playing classical music an argument can be made for savant like hyperspecialized practice from day one But those are poor models of most things humans want to learn Meanwhile, advances in artificial intelligence have already shown that rules based human jobs will be the first to go theA.I is implemented This reality was made shockingly obvious when a computer defeated the world champion Gary Kasparov in chess Likewise, the international Go champion And now poker RE parents, psychologist Adam Grant noted that creativity may be difficult to nurture, but it is easy to thwart He pointed to a study that found an average of six household rules for typical children, compared to one in households with extremely creative children.Darwin s father was a doctor who wanted his son to become a doctor Darwin lasted only half a semester in med school He turned to the church He was a Bible literalist at the time, and figured he would become a clergyman He bounced around classes, including a botany course with a professor who subsequently recommended him for an unpaid position aboard the HMS Beagle After convincing his father that he would not become a deadbeat if he took this one detour, he experienced perhaps the most impactful post college gap year in history Decades later, Darwin reflected on the process of self discovery It seems ludicrous that I once intended to be a clergyman, he wrote A recent international Gallup survey ofthan two hundred thousand workers in 150 countries reported that 85 percent were either not engaged with their work or actively disengaged In that condition, according to Seth Godin, quitting takes a lotguts than continuing to be carried along like debris on an ocean wave The trouble, Godin noted, is that humans are bedeviled by the sunk cost fallacy Having invested time or money in something, we are loath to leave it, because that would mean we had wasted our time or money, even though it is already gone There is perverse inverse relationship between fame and accuracy Thelikely an expert was to have his or her predictions featured on op ed pages and television, thelikely they were always wrong Paul Ehrlich s Population Bomb is an infamous example He appeared on Johnny Carson s Tonight Show 20x , gave congressional testimony, and his theory was heavily sold in a cover article in The New Republic The end result of this crisis, Ehrlich asserted, would be global nuclear war The hedgehogs, according to political scientist Philip Tetlock, toil devotedly within one tradition of their specialty, and reach for formulaic solutions to ill defined problems Outcomes did not matter they were proven right by both successes and failures, and burrowed further into their ideas It made them outstanding at predicting the past, but dart throwing chimps at predicting the future the opposite of flexible intelligence is cognitive entrenchment..Researchers in Canada and the United States began a 2017 study by asking a politically diverse and well educated group of adults to read arguments confirming their beliefs about controversial issues When participants were then given a chance to get paid if they read contrary arguments, two thirds decided they would rather not even look at the counterarguments, never mind seriously entertain them I liked the first 10 chapters of this book In chapters 11 12 the author turns it into a business book with some extremely tedious cases studies that they do in MBA programs It reminded me why I don t like and never read business books So this a caveat for this book that removes one star from the rating Poker A.I.https www.nytimes.com 2019 07 11 scExcellent new documentary on A.Ihttps www.youtube.com watch v 5dZl Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after the introduction alone The topic is nothing new specialized thinking vs broad thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing to do with size or teeth or muscle strength Rather, it s about adaptability It also applies to thinking processes.Thus, the author examines the different psychological variations within the human population t Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after the introduction alone The topic is nothing new specialized thinking vs broad thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing to do with size or teeth or muscle strength Rather, it s about adaptability It also applies to thinking processes.Thus, the author examines the different psychological variations within the human population throughout history.We get athletes like Tiger Woods vs Roger Federer totally opposite upbringing, both highly successful , we get artists like Van Gogh or Miyazaki both for the same point , we get the woman who saved the Girl Scouts of America, we get chess champions not masters vs computers, we get musicians like the orphans of one of the goodwill hospitals in Venice.There are many stories of people being successful or not All these stories along with many studies show that being a polymath is the way to go Yes, there are some outliers such as Tiger Woods , but generally speaking it s better to nurture many interests and try out different things, taking risks instead of always just falling back on experience though there is nothing wrong with experience itself, it s just that it doesn t help in every situation.Interestingly, I had to think of many experiences from my own life For example, Germany has different kinds of graduations at high schools science heavy, art heavy, general and I chose the general Abitur Then I had to decide about my future and, after being told and believing I couldn t do what I wanted yes, I m regretting it, especially after this book , I studied linguistics But I decided against a university as those students only study vocabulary and grammar it was too narrow for me and didn t promise good chances to get a job later, instead opting for a private school that taught geography, history, and politics of all the countries where the language I chose was spoken, plus IT and finance on top of that It was definitely the right way to go though my degree is considered less than that with a university stamp which isn t worth anything when applying for a job though.Theoretical knowledge alone wasn t worth as much as theory plus practical appliance so I won.I do regret not risking muchwhen I was younger, instead being talked into fearing failure This book showcases that there necessarily isn t any fault in making mistakes and trying one thing after another An important lesson.There are some almost unbelievable stories in here Such as the Navy SEAL the author met personally Or the United States Military Academy West Point and how it had to adapt completely misjudging the situation Or how some people raised their children not necessarily in a bad way, the accomplishments are what s unbelievable To say nothing of NASA engineers having to puzzle over problems before the Challenger launch we all know how that ended , or the professors trying to teach their students to not only interpret any given data but to ask if this is the data they indeed need.It also hints at what we need to do change going forward Standardized tests like the US school system uses are the death of innovation And other countries aren t doing much better People are no longer if ever encouraged to really solve problems but to categorize them according to pre established templates But life doesn t always happen according to pre ordained patterns We need polymaths and unafraid ones as that.Personally, I loved the history lessons here In telling the reader of certain people throughout history, the author managed to show the psychological differences he was talking about Along the way, we even get a few exercises to solve lol Moreover, the way events and theories are presented is downright thrilling and funny and down to earth The writing isn t simplistic but it s also not unnecessarily complex We get swept along at breakneck speed and I enjoyed every minute of this ride Not many non fiction books manage to break a topic down in such a charming way and convey so much information so successfully if it s not presented in a dry fashion, one is muchlikely to remember it.Fantastic bookLet them torture the cucumbers This book is a useful mythbuster grit, 10,000 hours, deliberate practice, tiger moms this book says forget all of that sort of Try lots of things, read broadly, and fail lots of times I agree with this formula for success Specialization is boring I think there is something to being obsessive once you are in the right track Once you figure out the project or sport, you need to focus This doesn t go against the thesis of the book, but he wasn t explicit about it I ve staked my entire adult life on following the generalist s path instead of the specialist s, so I hoped this book would answer my basic questions What about the role Neuroplasticity plays with keeping the following people analytically extra sharp The Polymath, the Multi Instrumentalist, and those like Noam Chomsky, composer Elliot Carter, Aristotle, Leonard da Vinci, or Bertrand Russell all deeply learned in multiple fields range , yet known for changing how we understand, hear, or see th I ve staked my entire adult life on following the generalist s path instead of the specialist s, so I hoped this book would answer my basic questions What about the role Neuroplasticity plays with keeping the following people analytically extra sharp The Polymath, the Multi Instrumentalist, and those like Noam Chomsky, composer Elliot Carter, Aristotle, Leonard da Vinci, or Bertrand Russell all deeply learned in multiple fields range , yet known for changing how we understand, hear, or see things Zero on Neuroplasticity Ok, then what will David say about how generalists best can pull deep multi disciplinary analogies through their multiple points of reference Meh, nothing of note How about this Generalists can see the big picture They can see the forest for the trees They can tell us deeper stories of our times They areapt to see macro Society is further atomized by specialists, while further integrated by the generalist How do you make systemic change to avoid extinction without generalists How do local areas survive economic collapse without generalists How do you prioritize at the highest level of society without generalists I m just making stuff up fast that I wanted to hear but this book had none of it, so what did this book teach me Some cool facts like When you think your favorite Van Gogh s paintings, you are thinking of only the last three years of his life Wow At his death, Michelangelo left three fifths of his sculptures unfinished Edison had over 1,000 patents, most were unimportant Sandwiched between King Lear and Macbeth, Shakespeare quilled Timon of Athens Jackson Pollack was literally one of the least talented draftsmen at the Art Student s League That led him to writing his own rules Lots of stumped creative teams benefit from bring in outside knowledge like InnoCentive google them Iowa, not traditionally known as the hot bed of American music and culture, once hadthan 1,000 opera houses MRI scans of jazz musicians show that during improvising, their internal criticism was suspended, unlike during practice, when they identified errors and corrected them There is no entrenched interest fighting on the side of range Well, that is because elites don t want oppressed masses with range out lobbying corporate lobbyists by sheer endless volume as Ralph Nader discusses in depth with Chris Hedges on In Contact RT If you have true range, you arelikely to want to oppose corporate power, capitalism, militarism, and all undeserved power, because your outlook becomes bigger Luckily for elites, even though everything from ancient pre history to today is all at your fingertips, the average American can t find Europe on a map of the world there s today s range A lot of this book is telling the reader that, when involving techniques of problem solving, there is no one answer, nor is there one place to look for answers David uses quitters never win as an example Many top minds quit what they were doing and changed jobs to finally succeed, and so for them, quitting made all the difference With this mindset, you fail when you don t have the courage to leave a dead end situation In other words, there are strong advantages if you don t consider your path fixed Although, some say Einstein was destined for fame as a Swiss patent clerk, others say he made a good call in switching Premature optimization means, specializing in a field before you know yourself well enough For many Americans, their jobs didn t exist when they were kids and so to reach them they took many paths As David says, those many paths travelled gave us range.In conclusion, this book has no stories of activists with range, nor stories of progressive or radical change makers who affected great change by linking many disciplines MLK linking racism, capitalism, and militarism, Noam Chomsky linking language, power structure analysis, foreign affairs, journalism, economics, and all social and economic and social justice initiatives, Cornel West and Chris Hedges linking Theology to Social Justice, Radical Prophets and Philosophy David never even mentions Intersectionality once So, if you are reading this book to learn how humans are right now solving the climate crisis, fending off extinction, or any kind of activism through the range of of generalists, sorry, you are out of luck Instead, this book is about how generalists help innovation, capitalism, and even the military In one of David s stories, a U.S military team is requested to gain a speed advantage over the enemy in Afghanistan Not the opponent but the enemy Let s invade a sovereign nation and give it the longest war in American history and after refusing to leave, let s label anyone actively resisting our invasion and never leaving as the enemy One reviewer called this groundbreaking and other called it breathtaking what nonsense the subject of this book is so important and yet I see it as a massive opportunity squandered Range is needed in hundreds of ways to save the planet, why not mention it once in your book This is a great defanged book for US elites to exploit by employing generalists, both the military and multi nationals can better pry open business opportunities in countries that can t defend themselves Each chapter starts with an easy story and there s some People Magazine worthy quotes inside about tennis players, musicians, chess players, Darwin, Girl Scouts, and the Challenger disaster to keep the average reader quite content If I wasn t so busy hugging my American Flag made in China, I be saluting this brave book which, after giving minor nods to art, sports and culture, will keep any conservative or centrist reader on the straight and narrow of focusing on business and military applications where the money to pay generalists is , without any embarrassing talk about applications for social or economic justice This book looks at how an emphasis on specialization can actually hamper our ability to really excel at something It aligns with what I try to do when I am coaching, in my stories, and what we re doing with Mamba Sports Academy create all around athletes who can think critically and make assessments in real time to enhance their play rather than rely only on a narrow set of skills.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *